What Is A Cataract?
A cataract is an opaque and cloudy area within the natural lens of the eye that develops due to many factors. The main reason cataracts form is due to the normal aging process. Other factors that influence the formation of cataracts include certain medications (steroids, chemotherapeutic medicines), diabetes, and trauma. Some individuals are born with congenital cataracts. The symptoms include gradually decreasing vision and glare or haloes from bright light, especially upon night driving or on sunny days.
Treatment for Cataracts
The treatment of choice is cataract surgery. Cataract surgery is a very quick and easy 5-minute surgery that entails removing the natural cloudy lens of the eye and replacing it with a synthetic plastic lens implant (IOL), that will never have to be changed. The IOL used can be a monofocal or a multifocal IOL, depending on the patient's visual need. Cataracts do not recur if surgery has been performed. The surgery is 99% successful with minimal complications.
What Does Post-Cataract Laser Eye Surgery Entail?
The posterior capsule of the lens, which supports the lens implant, sometimes turns cloudy (after cataract) several months or years after the original cataract operation. If this blurs your vision, a clear opening can be made painlessly in the center of the membrane with a laser. This indeed is a procedure in which the patient sits in the chair and the laser, without making any incision quickly clears the vision.